Canadian Honey Council
HELP WANTED ads for 2017 can now be ordered. The cost is $50.00 for six months on the CHC web site and printed in the Fall 2016 and Winter 2017 issues of Hivelights. Payments should be made out to Hivelights and mailed to: Hivelights, P. O. Box 914, Station T, Calgary, AB T2H 2H4. Payment and ad should arrive by September 15th 2015.
Contact Geoff Todd: email@example.com to place ad.
Join the American Beekeeping Federation (ABF), the American Honey Producers Association (AHPA) and the Canadian Honey Council (CHC) in Galveston, Texas, for the 2017 North American Beekeeping Conference & Tradeshow.
JANUARY 10-14, 2017
See "Events" below for details
New - 2016 CAPA statement on Honey Bee Colony Losses in Canada
New regulations for antimicrobial resistance related to veterinary drugs
To find out more about this consultation on new regulations for antimicrobial resistance related to veterinary drugs, please click on the following link: Consultation on new regulations for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) related to veterinary drugs
Questions or comments? Contact us at consultationVDD-DMV@hc-sc.gc.ca
Update on the proposed Safe Food for Canadians Regulations / Mise à jour concernant la proposition du Règlement sur la salubrité des aliments au Canada
New information on this initiative is now available on the CFIA’s Safe Food http://www.inspection.gc.ca/eng/1426531180176/1426531265317 page, which has been updated to reflect progress to bring the Safe Food for Canadians Act (SFCA) into force.
De nouveaux renseignements sur cette initiative sont maintenant affichés sur la page la salubrité des aliments http://www.inspection.gc.ca/fra/1426531180176/1426531265317, qui a été mise à jour de manière à rendre compte des progrès réalisés pour favoriser l’entrée en vigueur de la Loi sur la salubrité des aliments au Canada.
CATCH THE BUZZ – Canadian Honey Council Blames Transshipped Chinese Honey For Destroying Honey Market
By Alan Harman
Canada is under siege from mountains of cheap honey suddenly pouring in from strange suppliers, and the Canadian Honey Council believes the honey is being transshipped to disguise its true origin – China, the well-known marketer of low-quality, tainted product.
Unusual volumes entered Canada in the first quarter of this year from countries as diverse as Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia, Moldova and even Zambia.
The statistics, supplied to Bee Culture by the council, show Zambia shipped 2,395 kg in the first quarter with a value of C$19,862.
It is the only country in southern Africa to suddenly find a growing market in Canada.
It is all the more dramatic because Zambia shipped just 10,985 kg for all of last year.
Moldova, on the other hand, began boosting shipments in 2012, rising from just 480 kg in 2011, to 6,900 kg the next year. Last year it was 6,966 kg, but it started this year with a 1,838-kg first-quarter windfall.
In four of the five years from 2009, Vietnam sent just 20 kg of honey to Canada. But in 2013 it popped up with sales of 19,209 kg and last year was 17,843 kg, a figure overwhelmed by its first-quarter sales this year of 29,360 kg.
Ukraine exported 5 kg to Canada in the four years before 2015 when shipments soared to 445,421 kg. Last year the total was 155,262 kg and this year’s first quarter saw 26,254 kg land in Canada.
Myanmar, still better known as Burma, shipped no honey to Canada between 2009 and 2013 as a result of international sanctions, but then moved 58,200 kg in 2014 and 201,002 kg last year. The bees had to be working extra hard for it to be able to boost its shipments to 140,701 kg in this year’s first quarter.
Council executive director Rod Scarlett doesn’t think it is bees doing the overtime.
He believes most of the honey entering Canada is produced by China and marketed by other players in an elaborate honey-laundering industry involving third countries.
“It is a slow process in getting the message out,” he tells Bee Culture.
It may not in fact be pure honey, but a blend of honey and corn syrup.
“We have a serious food-fraud problem,” Scarlett is quoted as saying in Vancouver newspapers.
The council is asking the Canadian Food Inspection Agency to expand its operation from not only looking at food safety but also at food fraud.
What raises suspicions about the origins of the imported honey is that Saudi Arabia, for instance, is one of the world’s larger importers of honey, while Myanmar is a tiny player.
Saudi Arabia jumped from 5,439 kg in in 2012 to 27,023 kg in in 2013 and 61,610 kg a year later. Last year total shipments to Canada were 36,484 kg. This year it has exploded to 22,491 kg in just the first quarter.
Thailand has a similar record. It shipped only 579 kg of honey to Canada in the five years from 2009 before soaring to 764,835 kg last year and then to 171,680 kg in this year’s first quarter.
Spain is also a suspect in the transshipping scheme. Its Canadian shipments ranged between 2,000 and 6,000 kg for years before dramatically increasing to 75,514 kg in 2014 and then 766,116 kg in 2015. In this year’s first quarter it sent 123,053 kg.
“What we’ve seen in the latest import stats, is that countries … have unusually high imports into Canada,” Scarlett tells the Western Producer farm weekly. “It’s countries that really don’t produce a lot of honey.”
China has a reputation for poor-quality honey loaded with contaminants and is working hard to avoid using a “Made in China” label on the product, he says.
Twice this year, U.S. federal agents in Chicago have seized 50-ton shipments of Chinese honey with fake documentation claiming it came from Vietnam.
“Honey is coming to Canada from countries that have no tradition of honey production, so we know it’s being transshipped,” Scarlett says. “That honey – and I use the term loosely – is 50 cents a pound, or more, cheaper, so it drives down the price for everyone.”
What is happening with Canada is remarkably similar to the situation with Australia 17 years ago.
A media investigation into the scale of the Australian honey relabeling operations, found that up to 2,228t of Chinese honey was shipped to Australia, mainly through Singapore, and then re-exported to the United States in the 2001-02 financial year at a time when the U.S. had banned Chinese honey.
A survey of the Australian beekeeping industry at the time released by the Australian Rural Research and Development Corp. showed that Australia’s honey imports from bee-less Singapore jumped from zero to 1,447t that financial year.
At the same time, Singapore’s honey imports from China rose from 2t in 2000-01 to 751t the following year.
Not coincidentally, Australian exports to the U.S. rose from 108t in 1999-00 and 168t in 2000-01 to 2,344t in 2001-02 – a year when Australian honey production was decimated by the worst drought since European settlement in 1788.
This time around, there’s no honey from Singapore, but what is happening in Canada has seen the price paid to Canadian producers fall from C$5.35 a kilogram (US$1.88/lb.) last year to about C$2.85 (US$1/lb.) this year – below the cost of production for most apiarists.
“This is having a huge impact on honey producers, especially on the Prairies where most of the bulk honey for export is produced,” Scarlett says. “Typical cost of production is around C$3.30 a kg (US$1.15/lb.), so there are a lot of guys sitting on honey or selling it at a loss just for the cash flow.”
He says this year’s unprecedented shipments of honey from Saudi Arabia, Moldova and Zambia during the first quarter this year are puzzling.
As is China, the world’s biggest honey producer, in shipping only C$910 (US$702) or 165 kg worth of honey to Canada in the first quarter, while shipments from its immediate neighbors totaled more than C$1.1 million (US$848,264).
The Canadian Broadcasting Corp. reports Manitoba beekeepers say the low prices as a result of the imported honey glut could force some out of business.
Allan Campbell, who co-owns Durston Honey Farms near Dauphin, Man., tells the broadcaster he is still sitting on some of last year’s crop and not even lowering prices is making it move.
“I’ve spoken with many different producers who are still sitting on tons and tons of last year’s honey,” Campbell says. “To make matters worse, there seems to be quite an issue with Chinese honey being transshipped through other countries and coming into the country illegally.”
Canadian Honey Council chairman Kevin Nixon tells the CBC that beekeepers across Canada are dealing with the same issues.
“The market is saturated globally, and it is affecting all of us right now,” he says. “We’ve been told there is a global over-supply of honey.”
Nixon says Chinese honey loaded with antibiotics was essentially shut out of the North American market the mid-2000s.
“They started shipping it to other countries, and those countries re-exported it,” Nixon says. “”We’re seeing honey coming from Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar.”
Nixon says the honey can be traced through its pollen and floral patterns.
“This isn’t about food safety; this is about food fraud,” he says. “This is really damaging to the industry.”
Nixon believes large amounts of the transshipped honey is also entering the U.S. and those imports are affecting Canada’s southern market.
The Saskatoon-based Western Producer quotes Ron Phipps, a global honey expert, as saying in a report for the American Honey Producers Association that with both Thailand and Ukraine, the number of hives and level of beekeeping activity does not justify the quantity of honey exported.
“A review of Thailand’s honey trade over the past 10 years reveals a correlation between sharp increases in export and increases of imports of honey from China and its surrogates,” Phipps wrote.
Government of Canada's submission for the
Use of the Term “Natural” in the Labeling of Human Food Products; Request for Information and Comments by FDA Due by February 10, 2016 – Extended to May 10, 2016
PMRA - PRO2016-02 Management of the Pesticide Re-evaluation Process
Honey Product Trends in Canada 2016 AAFC
Stats Canada 2015 honey production numbers
Canadian beekeepers produced 95.3 million pounds of honey in 2015, up 11.4% from 2014. There were 8,533 beekeepers in 2015, 365 less than in 2014.
The total value of honey rose 10.9% from 2014 to $232.0 million as a result of increased production. The average price of honey was stable at $2.43 per pound.
On average, each colony had a yield of 132 pounds of honey, 9 pounds more than in 2014.
The number of colonies rose 3.6% from 696,252 to 721,106. This increase was attributable to favourable weather conditions that reduced winter losses, particularly in the Prairie provinces.
Honey production in Alberta, the top producer in Canada, was 42.8 million pounds, up 20.4% from 35.5 million pounds in 2014. Yields rose from 125 pounds per colony to 145 pounds.
In Saskatchewan, honey production increased from 16.5 million pounds in 2014 to 18.8 million pounds in 2015, as a result of more colonies and higher yields.
In Manitoba, although yields were lower, production rose from 14.1 million pounds in 2014 to 16.0 million pounds. This increase was attributable to more honey-producing colonies in the province in 2015.
The Horticulture and Cross Sectoral Division of the Sector Development and Analysis Directorate, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada is pleased to present the latest report: “Statistical Overview of the Canadian Honey and Bee Industry and the Economic Contribution of Honey Bee Pollination, 2013-2014”.
The report provides a comprehensive statistical overview of the honey and bee industry. It contains tables and charts about Canadian honey production, numbers of beekeepers and bee colonies, revenue, consumption and trade statistics. The report also includes an estimate of the economic contribution of honey bee pollination to Canadian agriculture.
Some highlights from the report include:
The key resources used in the preparation of this document are Statistics Canada and Global Trade Atlas. The methodology used to estimate the economic contribution of honey bee pollination is based on the work of Nicholas Calderone of Cornell University.
Apimondia in Montreal Canada 2019!!!
With the theme "Working together within agriculture: Canada’s answer to sustainable beekeeping" the Canadian Honey Council won the bid to host Apimondia in Montreal in 2019. The bid team worked hard putting together an exciting proposal and presented in Daejeon, Korea this September. The bid website http://www.apimondia2019mtl.com/ has all the information and more will be forthcoming in the next four years.
PMRA launched a new mobile app that allows individuals to access pesticide labels that have been registered for use in Canada. This app will help homeowners, farmers, industry, as well as provincial and federal organizations look up specific details of the pest control product they are using from the convenience of their smartphone or tablet. The most up-to-date health and safety information will be right at their fingertips with this new user friendly tool.
Tylosin in honey MRL set by Health Canada
New CAPA Overwintering losses for 2015
New Work Permit Guidelines for Seasonal Workers for 2016
2016 Wage guidelines
New Sustainability of Canada’s Agricultural Workforce
Eastern Apicultural Society is now accepting for 2016:
As a result of the generosity of our donors and the success of the EAS conferences, EAS has increased the Honey Bee Research Grant to US $10,000 and the premiums for the Student and Roger Morse Awards to US $1,000 and US $500, respectively.
Notice Regarding Honey Shipments to Japan and India
On December 19, 2014, Canada was informed that Japan refused entry to a shipment of honey from Alberta due to the voluntary attestation that the level of residues for tylosin, one of four different antibiotics on the certificate of analysis accompanying the shipment, was below 0.001 ppm. In the absence of an approved Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) specifically for honey, Japan is imposing a zero tolerance for the presence of this antibiotic residue in honey.
We have since determined that Japan notified the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in July 2013 of revisions to the standards for foods and food additives for two agricultural chemicals, including tylosin. However, although Japan listed honey as a product covered under WTO notification No. 319, in the absence of a Codex MRL, Canada did not provide comments regarding tylosin.
We are aware that Health Canada (HC) is in the process of establishing an MRL of 0.2 ppm for tylosin in honey. The process is expected to be concluded in 2015, following consultations in 2014. HC has indicated that they are willing to share scientific findings with Japanese officials to assist them in adopting Canada’s proposed MRL. The Market Access Secretariat (MAS) will initiate the request for the Japanese authorities to adopt Canada’s MRL for tylosin in honey, once adopted domestically. However, this may not be an expeditious process.
In the meantime, we recommend that all Canadian honey exports to Japan be free from tylosin, given that any detectable levels of this veterinary drug in a shipment will likely result in refused entry. Shipments where tylosin is declared on the certificate of analysis should be re-directed to other markets.
We will keep you appraised as the file evolves. Should you have additional questions, contact us via email at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Pesticide exposure statement
The Canadian Honey Council views pesticide exposure, both internally and externally as an extremely important bee health issue. By working co-operatively with governments, agricultural producers, agri- chemical companies, equipment manufactures and beekeepers, significant improvements have been made that have mitigated exposure risks to honey bees. Certainly more work needs to be done, and working together with all those involved in the agriculture sector, we are confident that more successes will be achieved. Accusations of blame do not provide an environment that welcomes new and innovative solutions and as such we will continue to work together with all parties to ensure optimum bee health, and at the same time, uphold our responsibility to beekeepers all across Canada to represent their interest in a respectful manner.