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Honey Industry / Beekeeping

Did You Know?

 A single bee colony can produce more than 100 pounds (45 kg) of extra honey and this is what is harvested by the beekeeper! [learn more cool facts]

 Over 50,000 bees live in a hive!  [more honey bee trivia...]

 No reports of Africanized honeybees (AHB) in Canada!

Frequent Questions

 How many beekeepers and colonies are there in Canada?
There are over 8,000 beekeepers keeping 720,000 colonies of honey bees? [See statistics below]

 Does your province have the most beekeepers? [Learn who does]

Replacement Stock
 What countries can queen bees be imported from?
Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii, USA, Chile. [View import regulations]

 Can package bees be imported from anywhere?
No check with CFIA. [Click here for your nearest office]

Honey export
 How can I find exporters of Canadian honey? 
Exporters can be found at the [National Honey Board Honey locator site]

What are the opportunities for exporting honey? [The US Honey Market: Opportunities for Canadian Honey Exporters]

 Must I be registered with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency if I sell honey for sale outside of my province.
Yes. [Click for more info]

 Do exports of honey to the EU require a health certificate?  Yes.  [Click for more information on CFIA requirements]  Click here for detailed EU regulations

Organic Beekeeping
Where can I get a copy of organic standards for honey?
Click for organic standards

Certified Organic honey has a new nationally and internationally recognised logo.
Click here to see it

Who can certify organic honey? Click here for the list of CFIA accredited certifying bodies

Labelling honey
 Can I use the grade name “Canada Number 1” on my label without being registered with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency? No. [Click for more info]

 Where can I get a copy of a nutrition box for honey label?
The Canadian Honey Council is pleased to provide this for you.  Click to download Nutrition Box

 Where can I find UPC barcodes?  You must register with GS1 Canada [Click to Register]

Drum standards


Melter Honey - Industry Standards




Ethical Sweetener

 What takes the least amount of energy to make... chocolate, snacks or honey?  Honey is the winner by a long shot and is called an ethical sweetener for that reason. [read more]

Industry Statistics

The Honey Bee Industry at a glance (Click here for an overview)

Honey Production Values - Stat Canada Data in pdf format

2009 2008 |  2007 |  2006 |  2005 |  2004 |  2003 |  2002 |  2001 |  2000 | 1999 | 1998

Honey Import/Export Statistics in pdf format

   October 2015    http://www.honeycouncil.ca/images2/pdfs/Copy_of_octoberimports.pdf

Honey Imports 2013 - English  | Honey Imports 2013 - French

Honey Exports 2013 - English | Honey Exports 2013 - French

  http://www.honeycouncil.ca/images2/pdfs/Honey_Imports_English.pdf  June 2014

  http://www.honeycouncil.ca/images2/pdfs/Honey_Imports_French.pdf  June 2014

   http://www.honeycouncil.ca/images2/pdfs/Honey_Exports_English.pdf June 2014


New  Draft Pollination Contracts



Our pollinators are in trouble! Click here to find out about Save Our Bees campaign.

Canola pollination is an expanding industry in southern Alberta. Hybrid Seed Canola pollination
Honey bees are responsible for pollinating 1/3 of our food crops! [More pollination figures]
Managing bees for pollination [Learn More]
Blueberries need bees! [Learn More]
Be a pollinator observer [Learn More]
North American Pollinator Protection Campaign [Learn More]
NSERC-CANPOLIN is a 5 year project studying managed and wild pollinators in Canada [Learn More]

Diseases and Pests

For treatment of American Foulbrood, Nosema, Varroa mites and Tracheal mites, the following sites have expert recommendations:
British Columbia
Canadian Association Professional Apiculturists

Beekeeping in Urban Areas

The art of beekeeping can be practised anywhere that bees can forage for nectar and pollen.
Some cities allow beekeeping, some ignore it and others have bylaws that restrict or ban the activity. There is no one source on the internet for locating cities that allow honey bees. Cities set their own bylaws and it is a mish mash of rules and regulations that varies across the country. Recently Vancouver, Richmond, North Vancouver, Burnaby and Delta have all changed their bylaws to allow beekeeping. Others like Calgary have nothing that allows or disallows bees, providing they are not a nuisance. Ontario has a provincial regulation that does not allow bee hives within 100 ft of a property line but the rule is generally ignored and a blind eye is turned to urban beekeeping, unless there is a problem.
The Fairmont hotel chain has bees on the rooftop at the Royal York in Toronto and the Fairmont Waterfront hotel in Vancouver, so they are helping in changing attitudes to urban beekeeping.  Also in Toronto, check out Portlands Energy Centre (PEC) website at: http://www.portlandsenergycentre.com/our_community/birds_bees.html

Check with your provincial apiculturist for current regulations.
Bees are kept successfully in downtown Vancouver. Click here to see rooftop bees in Vancouver Convention Centre.
Backyard beekeeping is growing in Calgary. Visit Apiaries Bees and Communities.
Chicago is embracing urban beekeeping. Click here for the Chicago Co-op Story.
The first lady Michelle Obama has introduced bees to the white house garden. Click here for more on the story.
Vancouver British Columbia allows beekeeping. Visit City Farmer.
Blog on beekeeping in urban areas visit the urbanworkbench.com

Government Contacts

 AAFC Marketing  Stephen Page   613-773-0265
 CFIA Honey Program     613-773-6205
 CFIA Honey Bee Imports     
 AAFC Research Steve Pernal   780-354-5135

Links of Interest

Key Government Websites
  Agriculture and AgriFood Canada http://www.agr.gc.ca/eng/home/?id=1395690825741

 Beekeeper Associations
  British Columbia Honey Producers
  CFIA- Inspection program   Alberta Beekeepers
  Statistics Canada   Saskatchewan Beekeepers
  British Columbia   Manitoba Beekeepers
  Alberta   Ontario Beekeepers
  Manitoba   Féderation des Apiculteurs du Québec
  Ontario   New Brunswick Beekeepers
  Quebec   Nova Scotia Beekeepers
  New Brunswick  USA
  Prince Edward Island   USA National Honey Board
  Nova Scotia   Apitherapy